In the last few decades India has seen a steep progress within the manufacturing of perishable horticulture commodities having limited shelf life but at the top of nutrition value.
The scientific advancements and improved clinical way of farming have contributed to the progress. Even though the development has increased there are issues of inflation, wastages of fresh produce, and demand supply imbalances. The wastage is mainly anticipated to the ineffective post-harvest management.
The lack of refrigerated transport and enough high quality cold storage space facilities for both food producers and food retailers has been generally cited as the major reason for food wastage in India. According to a report by the Indian Council of Gardening Research (ICAR), India presently wastes near forty-four thousand of crores of rupees worth of food produce per year.
It is analyzed that 2/3rd of the wastage happens near the medial side of production. Further in spite of being the 2nd most significant maker of fruits and fresh vegetables, we stand 15th throughout the world when it comes to export. The food handling sector is still in nascent stage in India. One of the major causes of all this is lack of modern facilities like pack-houses, cold rooms, at the farm level to pre-cool as well as reefer transport to ensure these commodities reach the consumption reason for the right condition. The limited cold chain infrastructures at farm level also press farmers to sell their produce at a low price in case of oversupply more often than not, affecting their sustenance adversely.
Cold chain is important for increasing the life, balancing the resource demand fluctuations and slicing transport bottlenecks in preserving the quality of produce. By developing an built-in supply chain and including cold chain we can reduce the wastage of perishable horticulture commodities. Cool chain infrastructure consists of frosty storage infrastructure, transport structure and point of creation infrastructure. In India, cooled transport is still in its beginning phase and is way behind if compared with world requirements of cargo movement.
The majority of growth has been driven by pharmacy and frozen foods section so far as cold chain is concerned. Horticulture and fresh produce has occupied back again seat because of generally two reasons-
• Clean produce is seasonal, leading to lower ROI as compared to the perennial commodity models
• Absence of affordable and reliable energy to power the energy starved first mile cold chain
A company named Eco-Frost Technology has developed a ground breaking solar powered chilly room system for safe-keeping of fruits, vegetables, blossoms and other perishables. The solar cold room features several break-through, patent pending technologies that make the product well suited for a reliable procedure on the field. The progressive thermal storage space technology provides backup up to 24-30 hours during non-sunlight hours. The regular power supply systems have the drawback an excellent source of charging- discharging losses and high replacement costs.
The machine is completely lightweight and can be shifted from one location to another with great ease. The initiative behind ease of mobility is to use the product for different seasonal vegetation grown across different locations. The system also has the capability to demand itself completely with just 5-6 hours of main grid power. It automatically picks up critical conditions and definitely will change to grid and fee the system in circumstance of poor sunlight times. Operating the system on Diesel Generator is also possible. The system also is efficient to ensure that the diesel electrical generator operates at optimal packing condition, thereby ensuring maximum efficiency.
They have pre-cooling ability and even offer staging space. It can act as a great part of a bunch house. The system also has a web-based predictive maintenance system, which can diagnose if the machine is faltering and communicate the same to the service team. The service team ensures that the system increased and running before the thermal storage backup runs out. The dimension of the product is 20ft back button 8ft x 8ft. The temperature can be handled between 2 degrees Celsius to 10 degrees Celcisu, suited to virtually all the garden and floriculture produces plus humidity can even be manipulated 80-95% inside the machine. Practically, very minimal running value is sustained as compared to the counterparts driven by electric supply.
The changing nature of cold safe-keeping logistics and expansion of value-added capacities only elevates the stakes for the looming food safety restrictions. Thus, there is a clear requirement for affluence in post-harvest management at the first mile, i.e. the farm, as a way to detain the cost loss. Proper post-harvest management training combined with structure can boost sector wise development and drive the overall economy. With the above solution, the farmers have reliable access to cold storage space services in the area of their farmlands, thus enabling them to firmly store their perishable produce and not having to worry about ability supply, price or weather uncertainties. This permits an improvised livelihood and will minimize the food wastage by a significant amount. Farmers can also store their seeds and saplings in times of harsh weather. This reduces probability of crop failure and therefore predicting greater financial wealth for farmers with better standards of living.